LEASE OF DANYGRAIG SMELTING WORKS, 27 June 1853 - summarised by John Hayman from Briton Ferry D/D BF 679 (Swansea City Record Office)
[Nicholas and Joseph Jennings previously produced arsenic from copper ores at the Clyne Valley works. Under the terms of this lease they transferred their operations to a more acceptable site on the eastern side of the River Tawe at Danygralg.]
The Earl of Jersey to J. and N. Jennings. Co-part of lease of land at St. Thomas, Swansea.
The Indenture made on the twenty-seventh day of June 1853 between the Right Honourable George, Earl of Jersey of the one part and Joseph Jennings of Clyne Wood Works near Swansea in the County of Glamorgan and Nicholas Jennings also of Clyne Wood aforesaid, arsenic manufacturers of the other part
Witnesseth that in consideration of Buildings to be erected and of the yearly rent and covenants hereinafter reserved or contained by and on the part of the said Joseph and Nicholas Jennings, their executors, administrators and assigns to be respectively paid, observed and performed, he, the said Earl of Jersey by virtue of and in execution,of every power enabling him in this behalf, doth grant and demise unto the said Joseph Jennings and Nicholas Jennings their executors and administrators all that piece of land containing seven acres or thereabouts situated near Port Tennant in the County of Glamorgan aforesaid between the Neath and Swansea Canal and Swansea Bay, with a frontage to both, and the buildings now standing thereon, and all other erections and buildings which are now or at any time hereafter during the term hereby granted shall be erected and built on the same piece or parcel of ground for the manufacture of Arsenic, Alkalies and Silver, together with the right members and appurtenances belonging to or in any wise appertaining to the same premises ...
[Terms of nine years from 25 March last; paying £70 clear of land tax and all other taxes, also £10 a year for every furnace or chimney erected; also to fence off the premises] ... which premises are more particularly delineated in the plan ... and also so far as the said Earl can lawfully demise the same but not further or otherwise.
[On the plan M.M. LEASE was Morgan Morgan Lease. The route to Briton Ferry was over the Burrows. The West boudary was the Port Tennant Copper Works land]
... liberty to extend any of the said buildings and works on the south side of the said premises upon the foreshore lying between high and low water mark together with full power and authority to and for the said Joseph Jennings and Nicholas Jennings, except within the last year of the term hereby granted, to alter and transform and pull down any furnaces already erected or hereafter to be erected and to make any further building or buildings, furnace or furnaces on the said demised premises or such part therefor as they shall deem fit.
... full power, liberty and authority to make and lay down any railways or tramroads on any part of the said demised premises as the said Joseph Jennings and Nicholas Jennings, their executors, administrators and assigns shall deem fit and convenient, excepting and reserving out of those presents unto the said Earl, his heirs and assigns, the right to make a roadway of not less than twenty feet wide through the said land hereby granted and demised in the direction and within the line of deviation indicated in the said plan, he or they compensating the said Joseph Jennings and Nicholas Jennings, their executors, administrators and assigns for all damage done or occasioned by the making of such road ...
To have and to hold the said land and premises hereby granted and demised unto the said Joseph Jennings and Nicholas Jennings, their executors and administrators for the said term of 99 years from 25th March last, yielding and paying therefor yearly during the said term unto the said Earl, his heirs and assigns, the rent of £70 sterling, clear of Land Tax and all taxes, rates, assessments and deductions whatsoever except the Landlord' s property tax, by equal quarterly payments on the 25th day of March, the 24th day of June, the 29th day of September and the 25th day of December in each year, and also shall within three years from the commencement of the term hereby granted, at their own expense, erect, build and complete in or upon the said land and premises or some part thereof in workmanlike and substantial manner to the satisfaction of the surveyor ... with brick or stone or both and with sound timber and to be properly roofed with slate or tiles ...[such buildings to the value of £2,000 at least.]
And also yielding and paying unto the said Earl the further yearly rent of £10 sterling for every furnace or chimney erected or used or to be erected and used by the said Joseph Jennings and Nicholas Jennings, their executors and administrators, for the smelting manufacturing of copper, the said last mentioned rent to commence and to be payable as to each several furnace
Joseph Jennings and Nicholas Jennings will in carrying on the said works use exclusively the coal raised and gotten from the mines of the said Earl in the County of Glamorgan so far as the same can be obtained in sufficient quantities and of sufficient quality and at the same price delivered at the said works as coal of a like character can be purchased for and delivered at the same works ...
Signed, sealed and delivered by the within named Joseph Jennings and Nicholas Jennings in the presence of
[signed] John S. Stevens of 20 Wind Street. Swansea
[signed] John Treweek of Perran Wharf, near Truro, Cornwail